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Lychee (Litchi chinensis)-i
Lychee (Litchi chinensis)-i
Lychee (Litchi chinensis)-i
Lychee (Litchi chinensis)-i
Lychee (Litchi chinensis)-i
Lychee (Litchi chinensis)-i
Lychee (Litchi chinensis)-i
Lychee (Litchi chinensis)-i
Lychee (Litchi chinensis)-i
Lychee (Litchi chinensis)-i
Lychee (Litchi chinensis)-i
Lychee (Litchi chinensis)-i

Lychee

Scientific name
Litchi chinensis

Basic Information

Sapindaceae Family Litchi Genus Lychee Species
Sapindaceae > Litchi > Litchi chinensis
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  • Fruit
  • Tree
Height
1000cm ~ 2000cm
Flower Color
Leaf Color
Anthesis
spring
Sunlight Exposure
Full Sun
Hardiness Zones
10-11
Cold resistance
Poor
Heat resistance
Excellent
Habitat of origin
China
Growth Rate
Normal

What is Lychee (Litchi chinensis)?

What is Lychee (Litchi chinensis)

The evergreen shrub originates from southern China. It belongs to the soapberry tribe, which has other popular fruits. The shrub is dense, round, and becomes around 30 feet tall. Its leaves contrast the shrub's charcoal bark. The shrub's little white flowers smell nice. They cluster, looking beautiful when fully bloomed in early spring. The shrub's fruit is round or oval, around 2 inches wide. It has a rough red peel that uncovers a see-through juicy pulp. The pulp is sweet, surrounding one large glossy brown seed. The fruit represents love in Chinese society. It also means wealth from its sugary taste and high price. There are many varieties, each unique. Some popular ones mature early and yield a lot of fruit. Others are known for a soft, glutinous texture. Growing the shrubs can be tricky. They need certain conditions to grow well. They like warm, humid weather, good drainage, and sunlight. They also dislike frost and salt. In summary, the fascinating shrub has deep cultural meaning and a tasty fruit. Its needs make it rewarding yet difficult to cultivate.

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Flower meaning

NO DATA

Calendar of Lychee (Litchi chinensis)

Calendar

The lychee tree, also known as Litchi chinensis, bears flowers typically between late winter and early spring in the United States. Depending on local climate and weather, the flowers look their best during March and April. For about a month, the blooms open in succession. To make the blooming time longer and get more flowers, give the tree sunlight and regular watering. But avoid too much water, since it can cause root rot. After the fruit season ends, pruning can also help the tree be more vigorous and flower more next year. Please note that when and how long the flowers bloom can change based on specific growing conditions and care. For more details, check with a local horticulture extension service or a good gardening guide.

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How to grow Lychee (Litchi chinensis)

Watering

The Lychee tree or Litchi chinensis needs steady hydration for thriving. During the period of growth, usually spring through autumn, saturate the soil thoroughly once weekly. Avoid both waterlogging, which may cause root decay, and drying out overly. In winter, water only biweekly, keeping the earth a bit damp but not soggy. Regularly check soil humidity, aiming for 50-60% moisture level. If the soil dries rapidly, water more frequently; if staying too wet, water less often. Both overwatering and underwatering can be equally detrimental for Litchi chinensis. Based on seasonal variations and soil state, adjust watering to ensure best growth. When uncertain, it is safer to underwater than overwater this plant. Use a moisture meter for precise soil humidity readings.

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Soil and Fertilizer

The fruit wilding lychee, furthermore acknowledged as the lychee arborescence, is fruitful in abundantly-drained, fertile or arenaceous ground. The filth ought have rich natural stuff and enjoy a pH amid 6.0 and 7.5. Manure operation fluctuates end-to-end the annum. In the bounce, utilize a symmetrical fertilizer (e.g., 10-10-10) at a percentage of 1 hammer per arborescence. In the summer, employ a gigantic potassium fertilizer to assistance fruit progress. In the drop, employ a gigantic phosphorus fertilizer to upgrade base growth. Fertilizer ought be practical in a circle encompassing the arborescence, dodging direct conjunction with the trunk. Over-fertilization be able to guide to salt buildup, that be able to impair the arborescence. Thus, it's consequential to aqua exhaustively afterward every fertilizer operation to assistance circulate the nutrients and avert salt accumulation. Filth excellence ought be supervised on a regular basis to guarantee optimal augmentation stipulations. Whether the filth gets extremely acidic otherwise alkaline, lime otherwise sulfur be able to be further to regulate the pH.

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Sunlight and Place

The lychee tree, also called Litchi chinensis, needs at least six hours of direct daylight every day for the best development and natural product creation. It can endure temperatures up to 40°C in light of the fact that it is warmth lenient. In any case, it inclines toward a subtropical environment with temperatures going from 20°C to 25°C. Litchi chinensis isn't ice tolerant thus can be harmed by temperatures underneath - 2°C. Along these lines, it ought to be ensured or moved inside during cold winters. During summer, the plant ought to be set in an area where it can get a lot of daylight yet is shielded from outrageous evening heat. In spite of its inclination for daylight, Litchi chinensis can likewise endure incomplete shade. In any case, this might bring about decreased natural product yield. All in all, Litchi chinensis needs full sun openness, warm temperatures, and insurance from ice for ideal development and natural product creation.

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Advanced Information of Lychee (Litchi chinensis)

Pruning

The litchi, also referred to as lychee, is a fruit-bearing tree that requires occasional trimming to maintain its welfare and yield. Trimming helps get rid of expired or unhealthy branches, allows air flow, and promotes the maturation of new fruit-bearing woodland. Ideal time to trim a litchi tree is late winter or early springtime, preceding the emergence of new foliage. Upon trimming, construct unsoiled slashes at a 45-degree slant just overhead a flower or arm. Refrain from extracting further than one-third of the tree's complete greenery in a sole year. Subsequently trimming, administer a tree injury dressing to guard the gashes from infestations and diseases. On a regular basis observe the tree's health and augmentation, and calibrate your trimming habits as imperative. Suitable trimming is fundamental to the tree's comprehensive wellness and fruit construction. Consult professional gardening guides or local extension provision for further specified info.

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Planting and Harvest

The exotic tropical fruit tree Litchi chinensis, also referred to as Lychee, can potentially be cultivated in a container or below ground level, however it flourishes optimally below ground owing to its far-reaching root organization. When locating in a pot, opt for a capacious vessel with effective drainage and exploit a soil mixture that rapidly dissipates water. Embed the lychee seed or juvenile tree at the center of the pot, enveloping the roots with soil however exposing the trunk. Thoroughly irrigate subsequent to transplanting, followed by habitual watering to conserve damp soil without oversaturation. For relocating, select a more extensive pot and cautiously extract the tree from its current container, cautiously avoiding harming the roots. Situate the tree in the unaccustomed pot and occupy with soil, accompanied by thorough watering. For thriving growth, ensure adequate sunlight, ideally 6-8 hours daily, and safeguard from frigid temperatures. Apply balanced fertilizer habitually to encourage maturation and crop production.

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Propagation

The litchi, also known as lychee, is commonly multiplied through either sowing seeds or through a process called air layering. To propagate from seed, fully matured fruits should be harvested and the seeds extracted from them immediately, as they lose viability quickly. The seeds should then be planted in a soil mixture with good drainage, covered lightly with soil, and kept moist. Germination usually occurs within a couple weeks. However, the resulting seedlings might not bear fruit identical to the parent plant. For air layering, a branch about a year old should be selected and a slanted cut made about one third of the way through the stem. Rooting hormone should be applied to the cut before wrapping it with damp sphagnum moss and covering with plastic. After roots have formed, typically in 2 to 3 months, the branch should be cut below the new root system and then planted. This method ensures the new plant will bear identical fruit to the parent plant. It's important to remember litchi trees need a tropical or subtropical climate to thrive well.

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Pests and Diseases

The lychee tree, scientifically termed Litchi chinensis, faces numerous insect and fungal afflictions. An arachnid labeled the lychee erinose mite brings about foliar deformities including curling, blistering, and woolly outgrowths below leaves. Employing suitable miticides upon observing mite inhabitants assists with protection. The fruit borer worm tunnels inside fruits eliciting decay. Lopping branches to better air movement and utilizing pheromone snares helps control borers. Fungal sicknesses like anthracnose with Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Peronophythora litchii's downy blight also arise. Anthracnose blemishes fruits, leaves, and shoots whereas downy blight generates white down below leaves. Fungicides treat these but removing diseased material prevents spread. Litchi chinensis suffers root rot from Phytophthora, inducing wilt and yellowing. Adequate drainage and cautious watering averts this. Overall, fertilizing and watering properly makes Litchi chinensis more resilient against pests and diseases. Proper nourishing and irrigating boosts Litchi chinensis's resilience to afflictions. The lychee erinose mite Aceria litchii deforms leaves while the fruit borer Conopomorpha sinensis rots fruits inside. Pruning for air flow and pheromone traps control borers. Fungi like Colletotrichum gloeosporioides anthracnose and Peronophythora litchii downy blight also strike. Fungicides treat, but removing diseased parts prevents spread. Phytophthora root rot causes wilt and yellowing. Good drainage and careful watering prevents this. Monitoring for pests and promptly using miticides or fungicides assists as well. Overall, keeping Litchi chinensis vigor up wards through appropriate care makes it less susceptible. The lychee tree or Litchi chinensis confronts pest and disease troubles. The lychee erinose mite Aceria litchii brings foliar deformities. Miticide application when mites are seen helps. The fruit borer Conopomorpha sinensis tunnels inside fruits. Pruning for air circulation and pheromone traps controls borers. Fungal diseases like anthracnose from Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and downy blight from Peronophythora litchii also occur. Fungicides treat but removing and destroying infected parts prevents spread. Root rot from Phytophthora makes leaves wilt and yellow. Good drainage and careful watering prevents root rot. Monitoring for pests and promptly applying miticides or fungicides assists. Keeping Litchi chinensis healthy through proper care makes it more resilient. The lychee tree or Litchi chinensis is plagued by pests and diseases. The lychee erinose mite Aceria litchii causes leaf curling, blistering, and woolly growths. Applying miticides when mites are detected helps protect plants. The fruit borer Conopomorpha sinensis bores inside fruits leading to rot. Pruning for air flow and pheromone traps control borers. Fungal diseases like anthracnose from Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and downy blight from Peronophythora litchii also strike. Using fungicides treats them but removing and destroying infected material prevents spread. Root rot caused by Phytophthora makes leaves wilt and yellow. Proper drainage and careful watering prevents root rot. Monitoring for pests and promptly applying miticides or fungicides when detected boosts plant health and resilience. Overall, keeping Litchi chinensis vigorous through optimal care makes it less susceptible.

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Habitat of Lychee (Litchi chinensis)

Habitat

Toxicity of Lychee (Litchi chinensis)

Health Benefits

edible
edible
Toxic
No toxicity

NO DATA

Toxic for dogs and cats

NO DATA

Q&A of Lychee (Litchi chinensis)

Q&A

  • When Is Lychee Season?

  • What Are the Different Varieties of Lychee?

  • Is there a recommended way to choose Litchi chinensis?