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California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)-i
California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)-i
California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)-i
California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)-i
California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)-i
California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)-i
California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)-i
California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)-i
California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)-i
California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)-i
California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)-i
California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)-i
California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)-i
California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)-i

California spicebush

Scientific name
Calycanthus occidentalis

Basic Information

Calycanthaceae Family Calycanthus Genus California spicebush Species
Calycanthaceae > Calycanthus > Calycanthus occidentalis
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  • Shrub
Height
300cm ~
Flower Color
Leaf Color
Anthesis
spring, summer
Sunlight Exposure
Full Sun
Hardiness Zones
7
Cold resistance
Good
Heat resistance
Fair
Habitat of origin
United States
Growth Rate
Normal

What is California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)?

What is California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)

California spicebush thrives best when potted due to its adaptability to container growth. When planting, choose a well-draining potting mix and a container with drainage holes to prevent waterlogging. During repotting, gently remove the plant from its current pot, loosen the roots, and place it in a slightly larger container. Mist the plant regularly to maintain humidity levels, and ensure it receives indirect sunlight. Avoid overwatering to prevent root rot, and fertilize sparingly during the growing season. Prune as needed to maintain shape and size, and watch for pests like spider mites.

Chris
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Flower meaning

California spicebush can be propagated through seeds, cuttings, and division. Seeds should be sown in well-draining soil in a warm, sunny location. For cuttings, take 4-6 inch stem cuttings, remove lower leaves, and plant in a moist rooting medium. Division involves separating the plant into smaller sections with roots attached. To multiply using multiple methods, sow seeds in spring, take cuttings in summer, and divide in fall. Harvest seeds when they are mature and dry, and cuttings when they have developed roots.

Chris
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Calendar of California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)

Calendar

California spicebush thrives in well-drained, slightly acidic soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. It prefers loamy soil rich in organic matter to support its growth. Fertilize the plant in early spring with a balanced slow-release fertilizer to promote healthy foliage and flower development. Apply the fertilizer at a rate of 1 pound per 100 square feet of soil. Repeat the application in late spring and early summer to sustain growth. Avoid over-fertilization, as it can lead to nutrient imbalances and harm the plant. Regularly monitor the soil quality and adjust the fertilization schedule accordingly to meet the plant's needs.

Chris
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How to grow California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)

Watering

California spicebush is susceptible to aphids, spider mites, and powdery mildew. These pests and diseases can cause damage to the plant by sucking sap from the leaves, leading to wilting and yellowing. Aphids can be controlled by introducing natural predators like ladybugs or by spraying insecticidal soap. Spider mites thrive in dry conditions, so increasing humidity around the plant can help prevent infestations. Powdery mildew can be prevented by ensuring good air circulation around the plant and avoiding overhead watering. If left untreated, these pests and diseases can weaken the plant, making it more susceptible to further damage. Regular monitoring and prompt action are essential to maintain the health of California spicebush.

Chris
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Soil and Fertilizer

California spicebush offers two main varieties: 'Hartlage Wine' and 'Michael Lindsey'. 'Hartlage Wine' features deep red flowers and a compact growth habit, ideal for smaller gardens. 'Michael Lindsey' showcases lighter red blooms and a more upright form, suitable for larger landscapes. When selecting seeds, opt for plump, firm ones without signs of damage. For seedlings, choose those with healthy green leaves and sturdy stems. Ensure the roots are well-developed and not pot-bound. Prioritize purchasing from reputable nurseries to guarantee quality. Remember to provide well-draining soil and partial shade for optimal growth.

Chris
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Sunlight and Place

California spicebush typically blooms in the spring season in the United States. The flowers of this plant are at their best during the month of April. Blooming occurs once a year, usually lasting for about 2-3 weeks. To extend the blooming period, ensure the plant receives adequate sunlight, water, and nutrients. Pruning dead flowers can also promote continuous blooming. Additionally, maintaining a consistent watering schedule can help prolong the flowering time.

Chris
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Advanced Information of California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)

Pruning

California spicebush, also known as Calycanthus occidentalis, is a deciduous shrub native to California. It belongs to the Calycanthaceae family and is characterized by its aromatic foliage and unique maroon flowers. The flowers have a pleasant fragrance and are a deep red color, adding ornamental value to gardens. The plant typically grows up to 6 feet in height and width, making it suitable for smaller landscapes or as a border plant. California spicebush is relatively easy to grow, thriving in well-drained soil and partial shade. It is drought-tolerant once established and attracts pollinators like butterflies and bees. There are different varieties of Calycanthus occidentalis, each with slight variations in flower color or growth habit. The fruit of the plant is a woody capsule that contains seeds. Overall, California spicebush is a charming addition to gardens, offering both visual appeal and a delightful fragrance.

Chris
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Planting and Harvest

The flower language commonly used in America for California spicebush includes: - Admiration - Happiness - Good fortune One typical example is "Admiration," symbolizing a deep respect or appreciation for someone. This can be conveyed by gifting California spicebush to express admiration towards the recipient.

Chris
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Propagation

For the California spicebush, watering frequency should be adjusted based on seasonal variations. During the growing season in spring and summer, water the plant deeply once a week. In the dormant season of fall and winter, reduce watering to once every two weeks to prevent waterlogging. Ensure the soil is well-draining to avoid root rot. Monitor soil humidity by inserting a finger into the soil up to the second knuckle; if it feels dry, it's time to water. Adjust the amount of water based on the plant's size and environmental conditions. Avoid overwatering as it can lead to stress and diseases in the California spicebush.

Chris
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Pests and Diseases

California spicebush thrives in full sun to partial shade, requiring at least 6 hours of sunlight daily. It exhibits good cold tolerance, able to withstand temperatures as low as 20°F. The plant also has moderate heat tolerance, but it prefers cooler temperatures around 60-70°F. During summer, provide ample water and mulch to retain moisture. In winter, protect it from harsh winds and frost. California spicebush should be placed in well-draining soil and sheltered from strong winds. It benefits from morning sun and afternoon shade. Avoid prolonged exposure to intense midday sun. Aim for an optimum of 6-8 hours of sunlight per day for healthy growth.

Chris
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Habitat of California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)

Habitat

Toxicity of California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)

Health Benefits

edible
Inedible
Toxic
No toxicity

NO DATA

Toxic for dogs and cats

NO DATA

Q&A of California spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)

  • Is there a recommended way to choose California spicebush?